Shanghai reduced or exempted the rent of small and micro businesses and individual businesses and provided temporary subsidies to those on the front line
The 137th press conference on COVID-19 prevention and control was held in Shanghai on March 29. Wu Ganyu, a first-level inspector of the Shanghai Municipal Health Commission, reported 96 new confirmed COVID-19 cases and 4,381 asymptomatic COVID-19 cases in Shanghai on March 28.According to the press conference, in order to coordinate epidemic prevention and control with economic and social development, the Shanghai Municipal government has studied and formulated several policies and Measures to Help Enterprises To Fight the epidemic and Promote Development.This includes 21 specific policies and measures, including subsidies to eligible enterprises for epidemic prevention and elimination expenses, temporary subsidies and subsidies for those on the front lines of fighting the epidemic, and large-scale VAT tax rebates.The policy measures are divided into six aspects, with 21 specific policies and measures in total.To support winning the battle against the epidemic.Support will be given to personnel and enterprises directly involved in the front line of epidemic prevention and control, including spending on epidemic prevention and elimination, temporary subsidies and subsidies, and support for innovative prevention and control products.This includes three policies and measures: First, subsidies will be provided to eligible enterprises for epidemic prevention and elimination expenses.Full subsidies will be given to those working in key positions in the retail and catering industries for the cost of conducting nucleic acid tests regularly in accordance with epidemic prevention requirements;Subsidies will be provided to retail and catering enterprises for epidemic prevention and elimination expenses.Full subsidies will be given to the cost of nucleic acid testing for personnel from airports, ports and cold-chain related enterprises.2 it is in the fight against disease temporary subsidies subsidies for frontline staff, to the epidemic prevention and control line medical personnel to grant temporary job subsidies, to participate in the community of epidemic prevention and control work community workers, community volunteers to grant temporary job subsidies or subsidies, appropriate to the medical staff, community workers, policemen, supplies and production line worker in sympathy.Third, support the r&d and industrialization of novel Coronavirus prevention and control innovative products, and facilitate the rapid formation of effective production capacity, registration, marketing and application of novel Coronavirus vaccine, rapid test reagent and special effect drug.We will lighten the burden on enterprises of all types.We will focus on alleviating the burden on enterprises in related industries through inclusive rescue and support policies, including VAT retention, tax reduction and fee reduction, tax deferral and rent reduction.This includes four policies and measures. First, we will set aside VAT on a large scale to offset tax rebates.Second, we will step up policies to cut taxes and fees, and extend the exemption and exemption policies to small, low-profit enterprises and individual businesses.Third, we will extend the period for reporting and paying taxes.Fourth, small and micro enterprises and individual businesses will be exempted from rent. Small and micro enterprises and individual businesses that rent state-owned houses for production and business activities will be exempted from rent for six months in the administrative areas of streets and towns that are listed as high-risk areas in 2022, and for three months in other areas.We will increase financial support.For enterprises with financial difficulties affected by the epidemic, efforts have been made to ease their financial difficulties and reduce financing costs by strengthening financing guarantees, implementing interest discount policies, increasing support for inclusive finance, cutting fees and selling profits, and ensuring insurance risks.There are four policies and measures: First, we will strengthen support for financing guarantee. The financing guarantee rate of the municipal Financing Guarantee Center will be reduced to 0.5% for new bank loans applied for by key epidemic prevention enterprises and micro, small and medium-sized enterprises that are heavily affected by the epidemic in 2022.Second, we will implement the discount interest policy for enterprises in financial difficulties. We will provide discount interest to enterprises in retail, transportation and other sectors that are severely affected by the epidemic for new loans in 2022, and continue to implement the discount interest policy for new infrastructure construction.Third, we will step up support for inclusive finance and guide financial institutions to increase the provision of inclusive small and micro loans, so that enterprises in difficulty affected by the epidemic will not blindly withhold, withdraw, cut off or restrict loans.Fourth, financial institutions will be encouraged to reduce fees and profits and play the role of insurance risk protection. Financial institutions will be encouraged to lower fees for bank account services, RMB transfer and remittance, and bank card swiping, and support insurance companies in Shanghai to further enrich the supply of anti-epidemic insurance products.We will do a solid job of helping enterprises stabilize their posts.In response to the impact of the epidemic on employment, efforts have been made to reduce labor costs and stabilize employment by lowering social security premiums, implementing policies to stabilize employment and expand employment, and developing new forms of employment.This includes three policies and measures. First, we will continue to implement the policy of lowering premiums for unemployment and work-related injury insurance.We will continue to implement the 1% premium policy for unemployment insurance, and continue to lower the benchmark premium rate for workers’ compensation insurance by 20%.2 it is to implement training subsidy, entrepreneurship support and union funds returned to steady work duty policy, and to carry out vocational skills training of all kinds of enterprises, social organizations, in accordance with the provisions, give online vocational training subsidies, affected by the outbreak of the larger business organizations and individuals may apply for the business loan for repayment guarantee and enjoy support fiscal interest discount,Funds turned over by trade unions of small and micro enterprises shall be fully appropriated.Third, we will support and standardize the development of new forms of employment, support employers in adopting models such as shared employment, and improve the social security policy for flexible employment.We will support the recovery of industries in difficulty.The focus will be on the catering, retail, tourism, transportation and convention and exhibition industries that have been hardest hit by the epidemic, and full support will be given to industries in difficulty to recover their development by cutting fees and taxes, providing financial support and subsidies.Five specific policies and measures are included: First, implement rescue and support measures for catering and other life service industries, and guide Internet platforms to lower service fees and commissions for catering, accommodation, housekeeping and other life service industries affected by the epidemic.Second, implement rescue and support measures for the retail industry, encourage financial institutions to increase credit support and lower loan interest rates for enterprises listed in the support list, such as emergency supply guarantee, key cultivation and construction of convenient living circle.Third, we will implement measures to support the tourism industry. For eligible travel agencies, the proportion of deposit refund for tourism service quality will be increased from 80% to 90%, and pilot insurance deposit replacement will be carried out across the city.Fourth, we will implement rescue and support measures for the transport industry. In 2022, advance payment of VALUE-ADDED tax for aviation and railway transport enterprises will be suspended, and VAT on public transport services will be exempted.Five rescue support measures, such as is the implementation of exhibition industry of one enterprise or overcome greatly influenced by the outbreak epidemic influence foreign economic and technological exhibitions held in 2022 to give subsidies to support, the pension institutions, private kindergarten universality difficult enterprise and market main body, and other industry led by industry department in charge of study and formulate supporting measures.To keep the city’s production and daily life stable and orderly.To ensure the smooth operation of production and life during the epidemic, we will focus on the production and operation of enterprises and the orderly operation of cities.It includes two specific policies and measures. First, it supports the production and operation of enterprises by implementing differentiated epidemic prevention measures based on “one enterprise, one policy” and “one factory, one plan” to help enterprises stabilize their industrial and supply chains.Give full play to the role of industrial chain and supply chain coordination mechanism in the Yangtze River Delta region to maintain the supply of core components and raw materials;Ensure the smooth flow of traffic and logistics, guarantee the continuous closure of major projects.Second, to ensure the orderly operation of cities during the epidemic, strengthen the stockpile and supply of anti-epidemic materials, continuously improve the capacity for rapid nucleic acid testing, ensure the orderly operation of transportation, electricity, gas, water, communication networks and property services, and ensure the supply and price of daily necessities.As for the subject of policy implementation, all relevant departments of the Municipal government are responsible for formulating and issuing implementation rules and application guidelines for policies and measures in this field, and all district governments can formulate specific implementation measures based on their actual conditions.In terms of establishing a policy dynamic update mechanism, rescue policies and measures should be dynamically adjusted and optimized according to the problems reported by enterprises and the actual situation. If necessary, policies and measures in specific fields can be timely studied and proposed by the competent department of the industry together with the comprehensive department, which can be reviewed and implemented according to the procedures.In terms of the policy implementation period, from March 28, 2022 to the end of 2022, specific policies and measures shall specify the implementation period according to their provisions.